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2018年一般专升本:英语定语从句易错题概要!

时间:2021-09-14 23:04:43|浏览:

1、The factory was built in a secret place, around ______ high mountains.

A. which was B. it was

C. which were D. them were

【易错】容易误选A或B,将A、B中的 which 和 it 误觉得是其后句子的主语。

【剖析】最好答案是C,around which were high mountains 是一个由“介词+which”引出的非限制性定语从句,而在该从句中,主语是 high mountains,around which 是表语,所以句子谓语应用复数were,而不是用单数 was。

2、A man with a bleeding hand hurried in and asked, “Is there a hospital around ______ I can get some medicine for my wounded hand?”

A. that B. which

C. where D. what

【易错】容易误选 B,觉得 around 是介词,选 which 用以代替前面的名词 hospital,在此用作介词 around 的宾语。

【剖析】最好答案为C。以上语法剖析并不算错,但问题是,照此剖析,此句的意思即为:有没如此一个医院,我在它的附近可以买药治我的手伤?如此的语境显然有点不合情理,由于大家一般是在医院里面治伤,而不是在医院附近治伤。此题选 C 的原因是:句中的 around 不是介词,而是副词,意为“在附近”;其后的 where 引导定语从句用以修饰其前的地址名词 hospital,句意为:附近有没一家医院,我可以去治我的手伤?

3、_____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.

A. It B. As

C. That D. What

【易错】容易误选 A,觉得此处应填一个形式主语。

【剖析】最好答案是 B。as 引导的是一个非限制性定语从句。比较下面一题:

4、_______ is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month.

A. It B. As

C. That D. What

此题答案选 A,it 为形式主语,真的的主语是后面的 that 从句。

5、David is such a good boy _______ all the teachers like.

A. that B. who

C. as D. whom

【易错】此题容易误选A,很多同学一看到题干中的such,再联系到选项中的 that,便觉得这是考查such … that …句式。况且,如此理解意思也还通顺。

【剖析】最好答案为C,不是A,由于在such … that … (这样……以至……)结构中,that 引导的是结果状语从句,并且 that 在从句中不充当句子成分,若在上句填入 such … that …,句末的动词 like 缺宾语。选C的原因如下:as 用作关系代词,用以引导定语从句,修饰其前的名词 boy,同时 as 在定语从句中用作动词 like 的宾语,句意为“所有老师都爱的一位好女生”。有些同学可能还会问,假若选A,能否将其后的 that 视为引导定语从句的关系代词呢?不可以,由于当先行词遭到 such 的修饰时,其后的定语从句应用关系代词 as 来引导,而不需要that。

6、The buses, most of _______ were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd.

A. that B. it

C. them D. which

【易错】容易误选 C,用 them 代指 the buses。

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